HIV Negative Women

Positive Outcomes for Women Engaged in Reproductive Health

Information to empower you to make informed decisions about sex, relationships, and family planning. Information on HIV prevention and safer conception methods for women. For more information on HIV prevention for women, please visit

To read real life stories, visit the HIVE Blog.

How do people get HIV?


How is HIV Transmitted?

HIV is transmitted, or spread, through contact with these body fluids:

  • Blood (including blood from your period and any blood in saliva, urine, and feces).
  • Semen (“cum”) and other sexual fluids from the penis (“pre-cum”).
  • Vaginal fluids.
  • Breast milk.

HIV is not spread through:

  • Sweat
  • Tears
  • Saliva (spit)
  • Feces (poop)
  • Urine (pee)

HIV can be transmitted during:

  • pregnancy, labor, delivery, or breastfeeding (called perinatal or vertical transmission).
  • Sex
  • Re-using or sharing needles or other works/equipment for injecting drugs, tattoos, or other substances.

HIV is not spread by hugging, holding hands, kissing, drinking or eating from the same cups or utensils as a person living with HIV, or by using a toilet also used by someone living with HIV.

For more on HIV transmission:

Preventing HIV

HIV is more preventable than ever. You may already know about HIV prevention options such as male (external) and female (internal) condoms, screening and treating sexually transmitted infections, and regular HIV testing—but let’s talk about a few more: PrEP, PEP, and TasP/U=U.

➔ TasP, or treatment as prevention, is when a person living with HIV takes medications to keep the virus at very low levels (called undetectable viral load). Many large studies show that people who take their HIV medicines daily as prescribed and maintain an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of passing HIV through sex. This concept is also known as U=U, short for “undetectable = untransmittable.”

For more on U=U, check out this video:

➔ PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxis, is a daily pill to help keep you HIV-negative. When taken as prescribed, PrEP is highly effective. PrEP is safe and generally well tolerated. Most insurance plans (public and private) cover PrEP.

For more on PrEP, check out this video:

➔ PEP, or post-exposure prophylaxis, is a combination of medications you can take after a possible exposure to HIV. PEP is most effective the sooner it’s started, and must be started within 72 hours of the exposure. PEP is taken daily for 28–30 days

These strategies work for women, men, people of trans experience, people of all sexual orientations and gender identities, youth, and people who inject drugs.

For more on PEP, check out this video:


You can use these HIV-prevention strategies alone or in combination to reduce your risk of getting HIV and take charge of your sexual health!

For more information on preventing HIV, check out:

Preventing Pregnancy

As a woman, you have the right to decide if, when, and how to have children.

There are many birth control (also called contraception or contraceptive) options available to you, depending on when and if you want to have a baby. Your doctor can support you in finding the best option for you.

For more on each method of contraception, visit:

Check out this brochure to learn more.

Having a baby if your partner is living with HIV

Advances in HIV treatment and prevention make starting a family an exciting and safe option for couples affected by HIV. There are several safer conception options available to you. To learn more, check out this brochure.

Check out our blogs on safer conception:

En Español


  1. El VIH y las mujeres de infoSIDA/Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina
  2. VIH y el sida en mujeres de Medline Plus: Información de salud para usted
  3. La transmisión del VIH de The Well Project
  4. Folleto informativo Sobre PrEP de Project Inform: Una nueva opción para que las mujeres amen de manera más segura
  5. ¿Es la PrEP adecuada para mi? De HIVE
  6. Mujeres, PrEP y salud sexual de Project Inform
  7. PrEP Para Mujeres de The Well Project
  8. Indetectable es igual a intransmisible: infundir esperanza y eliminar el estigma de The Well Project
  9. Indetectable = Intransmisible (I=I) ¡Para usted! de
  10. I=I para Defensores de

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